Use of Medical Cannabis Can Expose Patients to Harmful Contaminants

PainRelief.com Interview with:
Maxwell C. K. Leung, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Systems Biology and Toxicology
New College of Interdisciplinary Arts and Sciences
Arizona State University, West Campus

PainRelief.com: What is the background for this study?

Response: Over 200 million Americans currently have legal access to medical cannabis, recreational cannabis, or both. Yet, cannabis remains an illicit Schedule 1 substance at the federal level. This limits the efforts of several federal agencies to regulate harmful contaminants – including pesticides, heavy metals, solvents, microbes, and fungal toxins – in cannabis.

Cannabis During Pregnancy May Have Long Term Mental Health Consequences for Children

David-Baranger
Dr. Baranger

PainRelief.com Interview with:

David A. A. Baranger, PhD
Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences

Dr. Brogdan

Ryan Bogdan, PhD
Associate Professor of Psychological & Brain Sciences
Department of Psychiatry
Washington University in St Louis
St Louis, Missouri



PainRelief.com: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings?

David Baranger: Prenatal cannabis use is increasing in the United States. Prior work from our group found that prenatal cannabis exposure, particularly when it occurred after mothers learned they were pregnant, was associated with worse mental health outcomes in children aged 9-10.

In this study we followed up with this same group of children, who are now as old as 12, to ask whether anything has changed. Have they improved, or gotten worse? To our surprise, we found that children with prenatal cannabis exposure still had worse mental health outcomes – things had not gotten better, nor had they gotten worse.  

Drug Stocks Drop When Recreational Cannabis Legalized

PainRelief.com Interview with:

Sarah Stith PhD
Assistant Professor of Economics
University of New Mexico

Dr. Stith

PainRelief.com: What is the background for this study?

Response: We studied how the stock market returns of publicly traded pharmaceutical firms responded to medical and recreational cannabis legalization events. Our results show that stock market returns were 1.5-2% lower at 10 days following a single cannabis legalization event and that the annual sales implications from this reduction were in the billions.

Twin Study Find Cannabis Legalization Linked to Increased Marijuana Use in Adults

PainRelief.com Interview with:
Stephanie Zellers
Psychology
University of Minnesota

PainRelief.com: What is the background for this study?

Response: Many cross-sectional studies have found increases in adult cannabis consumption after the passage of recreational cannabis legalization. These studies, in large population samples across the USA, provide information about possible effects of recreational legalization in representative samples, but cannot draw causally informative conclusions. There are many confounders, like genes, pre-existing differences, and secular trends, that could be alternative explanations for any effects identified.

We utilized a longitudinal twin study to rule out many additional unmeasured confounds shared within families, like genes and aspects of the rearing environment. Importantly, we have data on identical twins before and after recreational legalization, and we have pairs where one twin lives in a recreationally legal state while their co-twin does not. By comparing these twins, we can estimate the causal impact of recreational legalization, after controlling for unmeasured confounds shared by individuals in a family.