Home Sensors Developed for Overnight Monitoring in Opioid Use Disorder

PainRelief.com Interview with:
Marian Wilson, PhD, MPH, RN, PMGT-BC 
Associate Professor
Assistant Editor, Pain Management Nursing
Washington State University College of Nursing

Dr. Wilson

PainRelief.com: What is the background for this study?

Response: People with opioid use disorder often experience withdrawal symptoms that can interfere with recovery success. Our team was interested in whether noninvasive home sensors could provide accurate information to detect overnight restlessness and sleep problems that could indicate opioid withdrawal for adults prescribed methadone for opioid use disorder.

Study Highlights Challenges of Opioid Use Disorder in Patients with Cancer Pain

PainRelief.com Interview with:
Katie Fitzgerald Jones MSN, APN
PhD candidate Connell School of Nursing
Boston College
Jonas Mental Health Scholar 2021-2023
American Academy of Nursing Jonas Policy Scholar 
Ruth L. Kirschstein National Service Award (F31NR019929-01)

PainRelief.com:  What is the background for this study? 

Response: I am a Palliative and Addiction Nurse Practitioner at VA Boston and a Ph.D. candidate at Boston College Connell School of Nursing. In my clinical practice, I regularly care for people with cancer who have a co-occurring substance use disorder. 

How to best care for people with substance use disorders, such as opioid use disorder is especially complex in people with cancer because opioid management is a standard of cancer-pain management and cancer prognoses can influence opioid decisions and vary. It is important when prescribing opioids that you attend to safety while also addressing pain. People with untreated opioid use disorder or concerning opioid behaviors (such as taking more opioids than prescribed or using opioids with unprescribed medications that increase the risk for opioid-related harm such as benzodiazepines) have an increased risk for opioid related-harms. It is also an area that lacks consensus and is absent from cancer-specific pain guidelines.

This study was conducted with leaders in palliative care including senior author, Jessica Merlin to tackle the question of what is consensus among palliative care and addiction clinicians to caring for people with opioid misuse or use disorder and cancer-related pain and how this is influenced by prognosis?