PainRelief.com: What should readers take away from your report?
Response: Age at menarche affects the probability that a woman will experience chronic low back pain. The finding suggests that hormonal factors are associated with low back pain in women. In particular, women with an early menarche may have been exposed to estrogen for a longer period. Women with a late menarche may be affected by metabolic disorders associated with delayed onset of puberty.
PainRelief.com: What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this work?
Response: Similar population-based studies should be conducted in other populations in the world.
Heuch I, Heuch I, Hagen K, et al
Does the risk of chronic low back pain depend on age at menarche or menopause? A population-based cross-sectional and cohort study: the Trøndelag Health Study
BMJ Open 2022;12:e055118. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-055118
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