States with Mandated Prescription Monitoring Programs Had Marked Increase in Heroin-Related Deaths What should readers take away from your report?

Response: An effort to curb the supply of prescription opioids may unintentionally have spurred patients’ substitution to illicit alternatives (e.g., heroin). What recommendations do you have for future research as a result of this study?

Response: Patient-level longitudinal data are needed to fully understand the behavioral mechanisms and the consumption choices of individual patients in order to more effectively combat the nationwide opioid epidemic. Is there anything else you would like to add? Any disclosures?

Response: We find that restricting the availability of illicit substances through increased policing, for example, and investing in opioid use disorder treatment capacity may mitigate the unintended consequences of prescription drug monitoring program mandates. 


KC, D., Kim, T. T., & Liu, J. (2022). Electronic prescription monitoring and the opioid epidemic. Production and Operations Management, 00, 1– 18.

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